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It is with great sadness we report the sudden death of Michael Packard on Wednesday June 1st 2022.

The family are working through his affairs, and as such, no trading is possible that would usually have occurred through Michael himself, however some books are still available from his distributors.

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Le or La

Le or La
  • Date of publication: 2010
  • Paperback ISBN-13: ISBN: 978 185341 146 5 paperback only
  • Pages: 28
  • Dimensions: 148 x 105 mm, saddle-stitched
  • Weight: 25 grammes
How to Remember the Genders of French Nouns
Author(s): Richard Gordon-Freeman


Is that French noun masculine or feminine?

Do you say LE or LA? MON or MA? BLANC or BLANCHE? One of the major problems in studying French is learning and remembering the genders of nouns. Because all articles, pronouns and adjectives must agree with their noun, it is absolutely essential to get the gender right.

Most French grammars outline a few basic rules, but insist that the only satisfactory way to avoid mistakes is by memorising the gender when you learn each word.

There is no need for this. Most of the French nouns you are likely to use conform to simple rules, or are easily remembered exceptions. There is one tricky area, however, but in general the rules will enable you to speak the language with more confidence and fluency.

The author has analysed quite complicated articles written in French and found that over ninety per cent of the nouns used were covered by the rules provided here. That is proof enough that this information is worth having.

The rules are laid out as simply as possible, and you are given Key words that will help you to remember each rule. There are only 24 of them – fewer than the letters of the alphabet.

This little book is very popular among students, and intriguingly among native French people many of whom are teaching their language in English-speaking institutions.



Nouns ending in a consonant

Nouns ending in -MENT

Nouns ending in -ACLE, -AGE, -ÈGE, -ÈME, -ASME, -ISME

Nouns ending in -EAU

Nouns ending in -I, -A, -O, -U

Seasons, days, directions, metals, trees, measures, infinitives used as nouns, English words


Nouns ending in a vowel +E

Nouns ending in a double consonant +E

Nouns ending in -ISE

Nouns ending in -ANCE (-ENCE, -ENSE), -IÈRE, -OIRE

Nouns ending in -ACE, -ADE, -UDE, -URE

Nouns ending in -ION, -SON

Arts, sciences and trades

Nouns ending in -TÉ

Nouns ending in -EUR

Countries and regions ending in -E

Other nouns ending in -E

Words with different meanings according to gender

Typical words with masculine and feminine versions

Key words to help memorize the rules

How to develop a huge vocabulary based on English words


Students of French at all levels of schooling; adults in evening or extension classes.


‘No more guess-work with the gender of French nouns! Deceptively small in size, this book is a BIG help for students of the French language, offering them clear, well-tested and easy to remember rules for using le or la with confidence; and to think it took an Englishman to unravel the mystery of feminine and masculine nouns …’

Catherine Pinchetti, teacher of French as a Foreign Language, French Communication, Cambridge, UK.

Author / Compiler

Richard Gordon-Freeman

Richard Gordon-Freeman

Richard Gordon-Freeman was born in 1938 and educated at Mill Hill School. Afterwards he studied in Germany for a year and a half then joined the advertising agency, C.D. Notley, in London, where, in the company of many established poets, he began writing poetry himself. Advertising took him to the Far East for two years after which he returned to the UK and became a freelance writer, mostly providing scripts for documentary films. This work led him to establish his own film-production company based at Shepperton Studios. After several years in the business, he now pursues a variety of interests: writing, painting and the study of Stone and Bronze Age cultures of western Europe.


Direct from the Publisher; in London - The European Bookshop; Foyles, Charing Cross Road; also Heffers, Cambridge; Gardners Books, Eastbourne (wholesaler).


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